What Case Study Means
Have you ever read a news article, watched a documentary, or even attended a lecture about a case study? Well, you probably know all the myriad of ways in which they are used. Indeed, one can only go on these learning experiences long enough to perfect the art of writing a case study. This is something you can only master in college.
Case studies involve the collection of data and efforts to explain those data to a relevant audience. Some of the benefits of this method of conducting research are:
- Reducing the reliance on qualitative and quantitative approaches to achieve the same results
- While case studies are not as technical or long-winded as most conventional in-depth research studies, they have the potential to deliver impactful results
- The data can be quite severe in terms of their numbers of cases.
- Data collection can be done using a range of avenues, such as interviews and observation and observation in the field.
- Makes it easier to compare the results obtained from different study modalities. However, for the research data, it is usually the case that only about half of the cases required have a conclusive answer.
What Makes a Case Study of Psychology Special?
While the term case study can just about cover any academic topic that can be categorized under the discipline of psychology, a case study takes on a very unique role within the field. As such, in case studies, you are forced to look into a person, event, or place in a broader context. After conducting the study, the researcher is supposed to describe the essential elements of the subject to the relevant audience. Hence, a case study aims to combine both qualitative and quantitative approaches in the same research project, providing high-quality and meaningful results.
This is the reason why the discussion for the most part centers on the structure and methodology of the case study, as these are integral in helping the researcher tell a good story about their subject. Once you have comprehensively covered the study area, the next step is to go into the analysis of the collected data. Here, you need to meet the following two criteria.
- Using the collected data to look into the causes and effects of the observed events and to differentiate them from other causes and effects.
- Point out the key events and events that have caused the observed changes.
This type of research technique generally boils down to data collection as opposed to any in-depth research conducted. Thus, most case studies, even if the subjects are based on something as extreme as a plane crash or criminal case, you still need to collect data. This is because case studies give you significant insight into the impact of the outcome. For example, you may gain a deeper understanding of who was on board the affected flight and who was on the lookout for anything outside of the usual procedures.
However, the point is to get inside the head of the person who went down. This means you still need to gain some kind of information by interviewing, observing, or even observing for yourself. Once you are confident enough about this, you can then proceed to break down the data and interpret it. You will be looking into the causes, effects, effects, and other key outcomes.